The climate in Delchevo municipality is Eastern European with modified pluviometer regime. According to meteorological data in Delchevo the average annual air temperature is 10.7 ° C with an absolute minimum of -26.7 ° C and an absolute maximum of 37 ° C, while in the mountains the average annual temperature drops to 3.5 ° C. The hottest month is August with an average temperature of 21.6 ° C, while the coldest month is January with an average temperature of 0.1 ° C.
The cloudiness and fog is not great, so the year is dominated by sunny and clear days. The average number of rainy days during the year is 71, the average annual amount of precipitation is 548 mm. Precipitation, although relatively low, is favorable during the vegetation period (April & #8211; September) and is over 50% of total annual rainfall.
The vegetation period with a temperature above 10 ° C lasts 191 days during the year.
The relief in the municipality of Delchevo is complex and created by tectonic movements and is represented by 4 relief forms which differ in age, altitude, geological composition, hydrological conditions, vegetation and different soils. Mostly hilly & #8211; mountainous and lowland parts are mainly distributed along the river Bregalnica.
The relief in the municipality is with the following structure: Lowland 600 – 750 meters (along the river Bregalnica and the lower flows of its tributaries), Ridsko & #8211; mountain 750 – 900 meters (east and northeast of the municipality) and Mountains above 900 meters (west of the river Bregalnica, the mountains Obozna and Golak).
According to the pedological map, 12 special soil types are distinguished in the area of Delcevo municipality. Rigosol, Rankers, Brown Forest Soils, Cinnamon Forest Soils and Lesiv have been identified as dominant.
Based on agro-production capabilities, soils are grouped into 7 solvent classes, from alluvial, emulsion, deluvial, and soluble.
A soil test was conducted at all major and significant sites in the municipality of Delchevo to test their acidity and basicity (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm depth).
The main water artery of the municipality of Delchevo is the river Bregalnica, which is the largest tributary of the river Vardar. The right tributaries of the river Bregalnica are: Zhelevica, Dashtica, Repnica, Grastica, Zvegor River and Gabrovcica. Left tributaries are: Loshana, Petrasevets and Ciflichka River. The total area of the Bregalnica Watershed is 742.5 km2, with an average catchment height of 1000 m. The mean annual flow rate at Razlovci is 6.3 m3 / s. The total annual average flow of Bregalnica on the profile "Kalimanci" is 264 million 000 m3.
An important potential hydrographic facility in the municipality is the Loshana dam, with a volume of 1,400,000 m3 of water, near the village of Razlovci, which is in its final phase and will begin filling this year. This accumulation will mainly be used for complete solution of the water supply problem in the municipality of Delchevo, and partly for irrigation of the Delchevo field (300 ha).
Another significant hydrographic facility constructed in the municipality is the Petrasevac reservoir with a volume of 180,000 m3 of water, which is used for irrigation of arable areas downstream of the dam.
Important deposits of metallic, non-metallic and energy mineral resources have been identified on the territory of the Municipality of Delchevo as an important potential for the development of the municipality.
• Coal deposits located in Delchevo – Pehchevo basin, with a total area of about 100 km2, third in importance in the Republic of Macedonia. Total reserves are set at about 46 million tonnes of coal.
• In the Bregalnica riverbed there are about 90 000 000 m3 of golden sandy and gravel alluvium. Presumed presence of 13.5 –36 t gold.
• Natural roasted clay, with reserves of over 10 million tonnes, and of significant commercial value include granites, limestones and diabase.
• Geothermal energy – in the Stamer – Zvegor coal bearing studies has identified a mean geothermal gradient of 6.5 ° C / 100 m, indicating that the increase in temperature in the direction of depth is faster than usual.
Forests in the municipality of Delchevo cover an area of 27,899 hectares or 48% of the total territory of the municipality. The oak forest is the most represented in the structure of the forests, then the pine forest and finally the beech forest with the lowest percentage. Forests are rich in various medicinal herbs, berries and herbs.
In terms of ownership: 49% of the forests in the municipality of Delchevo are private, and 51% are state owned.
Forests in the municipality of Delchevo are deficient in timber, ie. the needs for a particular household tree are greater than the established annual cut-off date.
Agricultural land occupies 46% of the total area of Delcevo municipality. According to its geographical-topographic position, favorable climate-soil conditions, available pastures and meadows, the municipality has prerequisites for the development of orchards and livestock breeding. Agricultural land 10,089 ha
Pastures 3,408 ha
13.497 ha Total arable land (private ownership): plots and gardens 8.679 ha, orchards 626 ha, vineyards 8 ha, meadows 782 ha or total 10.095 ha
Arable land (state owned) 683 ha. Structure of sowing areas
1. Field crops: 5,450 ha of cereals, 200 ha of industrial crops, 900 ha of vegetable crops, 540 ha of fodder crops or 7,090 ha in total
2. Fruit crops (number of stems): apples 24,975, pears 15,870, quince 640, plums 82,700, peaches 955, nuts 2,562.
Source: MAFWE PE, Delchevo
Natural values and rarities
The category of protected forests in the territory of Delchevo municipality include:
• 7 ha near the village. Workshop
• 25 ha above village. Zvegor
• 50 ha above the village. Razlogs
• 160 ha by the river Bregalnica
Golak Mountain according to the Law on Protection of Natural Rarities (“Official Gazette of SRM” 43/76) and group of criteria is under special protection as a landscape with special natural features (12,500 ha), with separated and protected park & #8211; forest "Goce Delchev".
Monuments of nature that testify to processes taking place at different geological periods:
• Ilin Kamen site near the village Zvegor
• Location Kukuleto near vil. New Earring
• Location Kukuleto near vil. Workshop
Protected natural rarities
On the territory of the Municipality of Delcevo, the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources has declared three sites previously Delcevo Municipality under the Macedonian Nature Conservation Program (PDP), a project of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) coordinated by Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation and Pharmachem, in partnership with the Center for Development of the East Planning Region (CRPRD), have produced three reports on the valorization of natural rarity: the Speleological Cave of Kiselica Cave, the Characteristic Geological Profile of Zvegor and Paleont geological site Stamer.
The proclamation of these three sites as a natural rarity will contribute to the protection of the important sites, as well as their putting into function of tourism, which is a priority objective in the LED of the Municipality of Delchevo. The Municipality of Delchevo plans to elaborate and submit applications for valorization in the following period: New Istevnik and the cave Konjska dupka near the village. City.
Paleontological site Stamer
The Stamer paleontological site is rich in Pyramid fossil fauna located in Delchevo region 5 km south-east of Delchevo near the village of Stamer, with a surface area of 25.6 hectares. According to the Decision published in the Official Gazette, the Municipality of Delchevo is managed by the Paleontological Site Sumer and in order to prevent damage or destruction of the natural rarity, the municipality undertakes activities for the preservation and maintenance of the natural rarity, as well as protection measures. In this sense, the Municipality can carry out scientific research and monitoring with the permission of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, promotes natural rarity as a tourist destination, signs it with appropriate information boards, conducts educational activities on the need to preserve the site. Implementation of activities and activities within the boundaries of natural rarity, such as the construction of access paths and the arrangement of rest areas, is carried out in a manner that provides a high degree of biodiversity and landscape diversity in order to ensure proper management of natural rarity. .
The Paleontological Tomb of Pikeermine Fauna has been determined and part of it, scientifically researched 12 years ago, when scientists from the Skopje Museum of Natural History discovered important fossil pike fossils here, such as the unique European skull, giraffe skull, mastodon, fossil fossil, etc, fossils 10 to 3 million years old.
Speleological object Mineral cave
In accordance with the Law on Nature Protection, the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning declared it a natural rarity - the speleological object – Kiselica Cave located on the territory of the Municipality of Delchevo in the village of Kiselica. According to the Decision on Declaration of Natural Rarity, it will be managed by the Municipality of Delchevo, in order to prevent its damage, destruction, as well as to prevent the performance of other activities by natural and legal persons that may directly or indirectly natural rarity is endangered, the mayor undertakes activities to preserve and maintain natural rarity. Protective preventive measures will also be implemented, but activities will be undertaken for arranging the space, setting up information boards, etc.
Although relatively small, Kiselichka Cave is significant in many respects. It is a rare recorded cave occurrence in the eastern part of Macedonia, more precisely in the Kraistidian tectonic zone, where only two caves have been registered so far (Kiselichka Cave and Konjska Dupka). It is also significant after its occurrence in a small tectonic block of Triassic limestones, whose distribution is very small in the eastern part of Macedonia.
Specific geological profile of the village. Zvegor
The Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning based on the Law on Nature Protection has adopted a Decision granting the status of natural rarity to the characteristic geological profile of Zvegor located about 1 km north of the village Zvegor at an altitude of 740-850. meters on the eastern slopes of the Ilin Kamen highway to the road leading to the border with the Republic of Bulgaria and covers an area of 7.8 hectares.
Natural Rarity A characteristic geological profile - Zvegor is managed by the Municipality of Delchevo, and in order to prevent damage, destruction or overcrowding of the natural rarity, the Municipality will undertake activities to preserve and maintain the natural rarity.